Distended Bladder Causes, Symptoms and Treatments

Distended Bladder

Distended Bladder

Distended Bladder

Distended Bladder could be signaled by inability to urinate properly. Doctoe.com asserted that someone may feel the urge to urinate, but still the urine is not flowing and excreted properly. Even though able to urinate, that person still feels the full bladder. Another signal for distended bladder is to experience a severe pain in a lower abdominal area. Someone may also experience the delay in urinating time.  It means that there is a delayed time between trying to urinating and the actual urine flows. It is also usually accompanied by burning sensation in urinating process.

Distended Bladder Causes and Symptoms

Most people have been experienced such symptoms, although in far below the extreme degree of severity, for example when traveling or being in public for long time, without the ability to go to restroom. One will feel the urge to urinate that will grow stronger along the time. Postponing urinating can cause the full bladder feeling; sometimes mild pain in a lower abdominal area will go after urinating. Those symptoms are resulted by retention or accumulated urine that leads to distended bladder.


Basically, a distended bladder is the condition caused by an accumulation of urine in large volumes, which is why one will feel the urge to urinate. It is the body mechanism to void the bladder by normal urinating. The problem is when the distended bladder happens continuously and is ccompanied by pain in several abdominal areas. Distended bladder is caused mainly by the urine excretion pathway blocked or the failure or damage in wall of bladder or nerves that control urination process.

Distended Bladder Video

Causes in urine blockage may vary. Blockage can also occur complete or partially, or developed in rapid or chronically. The most common causes in children are structure abnormalities, such as valves in urethra are narrow or blocked. In adults usually causes by a large enough stone kidney that blocked urine excretion flow that resulted in too much urine accumulated in bladder. In adults, blockage can also occur because of spasm, infection, or ulcer in urethra. For older male, BPH or benign prostate hyperplasia or prostate cancer, tumors, or stones is the common cause. Another cause is damage to nerves that manage the bladder relaxation and contraction in excreting collected urine. Spinal cord injury, tumor, or spinal cord compressions can make these nerves get compressed and damaged. Also certain drugs and medication such as anasthetic, antihistamines, and other smooth muscle relaxants could also cause distended bladder.


In many occurrences of acute distended bladder, applying hot water bag lower abdominal area or sitting in a bathtub containing hot water may be effective. It helps to relieve congestion in bladder. Another way is to avoid postponing urinating. By urinating normally, it will prevent the bladder to get distended. For more severe cases, such as the ones that caused by kidney stones, urethral problems, neural problems, or BPH, a medical treatment or surgery is needed. Therefore, early medical diagnosis is important if the symptoms of distended bladder are occurred.